We investigate the relationship between employees' and managers' training and firm performance using a policy intervention that randomly assigned training support to small‐ and medium‐sized enterprises in the UK accommodation and food service sector. Because the number of firms self‐selected into training exceeded available places, training was randomly assigned to some firms, resulting in a randomized natural experimental design that allowed us to identify the average effect of training on treated firms. Our empirical results suggest that employees' training had a stronger positive impact on firms' labour productivity and profitability than that of managers'.
Key financial and other performance indicators, such as sales revenue, total expenditure and advertising expenditures of the last completed financial year, and on factors determining
Non-managerial employees’ training had a large positive impact on labour productivity and profitability, but there was a weak or no effect of managerial and human resource training services on firm performance.