IGL Projects

IGL is undertaking and supporting a number of randomised trials globally.

Does the participation in co-innovation training activities positively influence academic researchers’ and industry participants’ intentions to engage in university-industry co-innovation projects? How do intentions translate into direct engagement in university-industry co-innovation projects?

Despite some isolated successful cases in the US, technology transfer from universities has rarely been repeated in Europe Technology transfer remains one of the key challenges for academic researchers looking to become a driving force of socioeconomic growth. Furthermore, policy efforts to incentivize academic entrepreneurs or innovation across university campuses have rendered mixed results.

The aim of this trial is to explore the motivations of academic and industry players to engage, or not, in collaborative innovation (co-innovation) projects. Training activities which engage university and industry participants can be a determinant for formal innovation and entrepreneurial projects. The trial objective is to determine the effects of tailored training programmes focused on modifying the co-innovation intention and its cognitive antecedents. This trial will study a group of individuals affiliated to academic institutions and industry actors in the border region of Southern Denmark.

The outcomes of the trial should provide actionable evidence to the regional actors to further activate science-based innovation and entrepreneurship.

Does the existence of a “business library”, which provides human capital training, physical capital and market linkages enable very small enterprises to innovate, flourish and grow? What combinations and intensities of services are necessary to maximize enterprise innovation and growth?

Developing economies have high numbers of low-capital enterprises that manufacture similar products and are located in close proximity to one another. While industrial clusters of very small firms provide some economic benefits, such as reducing input costs, firms operating in these clusters often operate inefficiently, use limited capital, do not consolidate or differentiate, and fail to grow significantly. Though various factors constrain the growth of small firms, several prominent impediments to growth are a lack of physical and human capital and access to markets. A body of research indicates that these factors matter, and alleviating constraints increases the productivity and profitability of small businesses.

Access to markets is another limiting factor for small businesses. Kenyan manufacturers we interviewed repeatedly referenced finding new customers as a main concern, expressed high levels of interest in marketing programs, and reported producing well below capacity. Evidence from other countries shows that enhanced market access drives improved quality and better performance for small businesses.

This trial proposes to create a “business library” (providing tools and services) that would address the constraints faced by small-scale entrepreneurs in the informal furniture sector in Kenya. This library would encourage access to physical capital by lending tools, provide training to address human capital gaps and create opportunities for producers to organize to collectively market their products. Libraries like the one proposed could enable clustered, small-scale firms to grow, produce more specialized and innovative goods, and increase their economic efficiency.

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